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آموزش زبان انگلیسی - قید

قید

تاریخ:یکشنبه 20 آذر 1390-01:56 ب.ظ

قید:
قیدها فعل را توصیف می کنند.
۱- قیدهای یک سیلابی مانند صفات با (er) تفصیلی و (est)عالی می شوند.
Hard==>harder==>hardest
Fast==>faster==>fastest

2-ولی قیدهای دو سیلابی با افزودن (ly)تبدیل به قید شده و سپس با (more)تفصیلی و با (the most)عالی شده و بقیه قیدهای چند بخشی با(more)و(the most)به قیود تفصیلی و عالی تبدیل می شوند.

-easily==>more easily==>themost easily
-quickly==>more quickly==>the most quickly

-beautifully==>more beautifully==>the most beautifully

3-برای ساختن قید متساوی از رابطه (asقیدas)استفاده می شود.
-he runs as slowly as I.


طبقه بندی قیدهاclassification of adverbs

قیدها بر حسب کاری که در جمله انجام می دهند بر چند نوعند.

۱-قید زمان adverb of time
این قیدها زمان وقوع کاری را بیان می کنند.

محل قرار گرفتن قیود زمان
:

۲/ قیدهای مکان adverb of plsce
این قیود محل انجام کاری را نشان می دهند.

محل قرار گرفتن قیود مکان:
قیود مکان معمولا بعد از فعل ذکر می شوند.

۳- قید های حالت Adverb of maner
این قیود چگونگی انجام کاری را می رساند و اغلب به ly ختم می شوند که اغلب این قیود بعد از فعل می آیند ولی اگر فعل دارای مفعول باشد بعد از مفعول قرار می گیرد.
Slowly- quickly- happily
بعضی از قیود در حالت صفت و قید یک شکل دارند و از روی کاری که انجام می دهند می توان آنها را تشخیص داد.
Back- fast – hard
قیدهای حالت، در حالت تاکید اگر یک کلمه باشند مستقیماً بعد از فاعل می آیند.

 

قید زمان+قید مکان+قید حالت+مفعول+فعل+فاعل



طرز قرار گرفتن قیود تکراری:

قید های تکراری همیشه قبل از فعل اصلی و بعد از افعال to be بیان می شوند.
Seldom- never - sometimes - usually - often - always –


قید زمان+قید مکان+قید حالت+مفعول+فعل+فاعل
He+drank+her coffee+very quickly+at the restaurant+yesterday

Amin writes more clearly than Mahdi.
You are always on my mind.
My father usually exercises in the morning.
There are many taxis in Tehran. You can usually fine a taxi in a few minutes but sometimes you must be patient.
You drive carefully.
Our line is moving less quickly than any other.
We go to the museum once a week.
She speaks quickly.
Kimiya and Kamal eat out more often than we do.
A worker rarely works for free.
I can’t remember a winter when we did have snow in Tabriz. There are almost always snows in winter here.
This is the first time I have cooked food. I have never cooked before.
A plumber usually works inside a house, but he can work on pipes outside.
My grandmother can’t see without her glasses. She always wears her glasses.
I go to the movies every Saturday night.
Nima signs happily.
A nurse often checks on her patients. She sometimes gives injections.
My father has problem with his feet. He rarely goes for a walk any more.
I swim three or four times a week. I often go swimming.
“Piano” is a direction to indicate to the musicians that they should play softly or quietly.
My uncle works hard.
Our math teacher teaches well.
-Shima is vegetarian but I saw her eating meat.
-yes, she rarely eats meat but sometimes she makes an exception.
I speak less fluently than my friend.
We often used to shop there.
They almost never go on summer vacation.
Beginning students of a foreign language don’t speak quickly, but that’s ok but at this level, communication is more important.
Mr. Amini is always on time to work.
It always rains on the weekends.
You will never forget this.
She is always late.
They are rarely late.
They will never come back.
I never used to wear glasses.
I usually get up early.
My friend almost always calls me on Saturday nights.
He never calls me.
I have seldom spoken to her.
They never used to smoke.
Beginners don’t pronounce the new sounds of the language very easily.
He never comes on time.
My teacher always used to walk to work.
We never used to visit the doctor.
My grandfather rarely gets any exercise.
They were hardly ever at home.
He always used to call her.
I’m very often worried about my work.
She can sometimes tell us the answers.
You have often helped us.
We very seldom go to the movies.
I usually get up at six.
They were rarely happy.
We will sometimes hear from them.
They have to eat their lunch quickly.
These beginners speak slowly have often difficulties pronouncing the new sounds of the language.
The best time to call me is after diner. I’m usually free then unless I’m teaching a late class.
When I lived in Iran we had tea for breakfast every day. We always had tea for breakfast.
We eat out less often than they do.




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